Er politikk eller marked nøkkelen til likestilling i arbeidslivet?

Journal article

Dyvesether, Natalie M. (2017) Er politikk eller marked nøkkelen til likestilling i arbeidslivet? [Are Politics or Markets the Key to Gender Equality in the Labor Market? The Effects of Political Rights and Market Liberalization on Women’s Economic Rights, 1981–2011], Norsk statsvitenskapelig tidsskrift 33 (3): 209–234.

Read the article here (Open Access)

Whether politics or markets are the key to gender equality in the labor market is a source of

contention. Neoliberals champion «laissez-faire», whereas historical materialist and feminist

economic theorists highlight government measures for the enhancement of women’s

economic empowerment. This study empirically investigates the effects of women’s political

rights and market liberalization on women’s economic rights. Using panel data for 115

countries over the 1981-2011 period, I find that women’s political rights positively affect

women’s economic rights. When controlling for country heterogeneity, however, market

liberalization predicts lower levels of women’s economic rights. These findings suggest that

market liberalization has a deteriorating effect on economic gender equality and support the call for government action.

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