In 2015, the UN Security Council (UNSC) decided to improve its performance with respect to Women, Peace and Security (WPS), especially when it dealt with country-specific situations.

The processes leading up to this decision additionally included pressure on the UNSC to move toward a use of WPS references that was more action-related, signaled political will to realize the decision, and brought the content to be more in line with the original WPS aim of supporting women’s agency. By drawing on unique data on resolutions adopted between 2015 and 2021, this brief examines whether the UNSC has lived up to its decision and the expectations of change.

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