Inger Skjelsbæk

Research Professor

Inger Skjelsbæk
Mobile phone: (+47) 938 02 492
Twitter: @IngerSkjelsbaek

Research Interests

Research project titled Why Rape? Perpetrator, Punishment and Social Narratives, funded by the Research Council of Norway (personal post-doc)
Research project titled Gender, Conflict and Peacebuilding, funded by the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Research project titled Sexual Violence in Armed Conflict (SVAC), pilot study funded by the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Book publication, 15 September, 2011:  The Political Psychology of War Rape: Studies from Bosnia and Herzegovina (London: Routledge)
An extensive interview with Inger Skjelsbæk by Cindy Horst was published as part of the 60th Anniversary series PRIO Stories in August 2019.


Languages spoken:

English, French and German

Working experience:

2009-2015 : Deputy Director at PRIO

Aug 2013 - Feb 2014: Research Director, Dimensions of Security Department, PRIO

2011/2012 (summers): Visiting scholar at the Human Rights Center, University of California Berkeley

2008-2009: Programme Leader of the Ethics, Norms and Identities programme at PRIO

2002-2003: Guest Researcher and Fulbright Scholar at the Institute of Slavic, Eurasian and Eastern European Studies (ISEEES) at the University of California, Berkeley, USA

1996- : Researcher at PRIO

Associate editor of International Feminist Journal of Politics since July 2011



2007 Dr. Polit. Degree at the Institute for Psychology, University of Trondheim (NTNU). The title of the Ph.D. dissertation is "Sexual Violence In Time of War: Sexuality, Ethnicity and Gender Diversity in the War in Bosnia-Herzegovina".

1996, Cand. Polit. Degree from the University of Trondheim (NTNU) with a Master’s degree in psychology. The title of the Master’s dissertation was "Women and War: A Qualitative Study of the Construction of Femininity in the Wars in the Former Yugoslavia, El Salvador and Vietnam".

1993, Cand. Mag. Degree from the University of Oslo with the following subjects: English language and literature, French language and literature, Psychology and Social science statistics.


PRIO started tracking events online in 2007. This listing is not complete. Past events may be mentioned in our news archive.


The following publications are specific to the PRIO GPS Centre. A more complete list is available at

All Publications

Peer-reviewed Journal Article

Skjelsbæk, Inger & Torunn L. Tryggestad (2023) Dempet statsfeminist? Nasjonale tradisjoner og globale utviklingstrekk i Søreides periode som utenriksminister [Cautious State Feminist? National Traditions and Global Developments During Søreide’s Term as Minister of Foreign Affairs], Internasjonal Politikk 81(1).
Skjelsbæk, Inger & Torunn L. Tryggestad (2020) Pro-gender Norms in Norwegian Peace Engagement: Balancing Experiences, Values, and Interests, Foreign Policy Analysis. DOI: 10.1093/fpa/orz028.
Skjelsbæk, Inger; Julie Marie Hansen & Jenny Lorentzen (2020) Hopes and misguided expectations: How policy documents frame gender in efforts at preventing terrorism and violent extremism, Politics, Religion & Ideology 21(4): 469–486.
Skjelsbæk, Inger & Torunn L. Tryggestad (2019) Likestilling og Norges fredsengasjement - en balansekunst, Tidsskrift for kjønnsforskning 43(4).
Skjelsbæk, Inger (2018) Silence Breakers in War and Peace: Research on Gender and Violence with an Ethics of Engagement, Social Politics: International Studies in Gender, State & Society 25(4): 496–520.
Skjelsbæk, Inger (2016) Interpreting the interpreter: Navigating translation, interpretation, and mediation, Culture and Psychology 22(4): 502–519.
Skjelsbæk, Inger (2015) The Military Perpetrator: A Narrative Analysis of Sentencing Judgments on Sexual Violence Offenders at the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), Journal of Social and Political Psychology 3(1): 46–70.
Skjelsbæk, Inger (2012) Responsibility to Protect or Prevent? Victims and Perpetrators of Sexual Violence Crimes in Armed Conflicts, Global Responsibility to Protect 4(2): 154–171.
Skjelsbæk, Inger & Torunn L. Tryggestad (2011) Kvinner i det norske forsvaret: Likestilling eller operasjonelt imperativ? [Women in the Norwegian Armed Forces: Gender Equality or Operational Imperative?], Sosiologi i dag 41(1): 53–75.
Skjelsbæk, Inger & Kristian Berg Harpviken (2010) Tilslørt fredspolitikk [Blurred Peace Policy], Nytt Norsk Tidsskrift 27(4): 379–388.
Tryggestad, Torunn L. & Inger Skjelsbæk (2009) Women in the Norwegian Armed Forces. Gender Equality or Operational Imperative?, Minerva Journal of Women and War 3(2): 34–51.
Skjelsbæk, Inger (2009) Traditions and Transitions: Perceptions of 'Good Womanhood' Among Twenty Bosnian Focus Group Participants, International Feminist Journal of Politics 11(3): 392–411.
Skjelsbæk, Inger (2009) Kjønnsbasert vold i krig: Hvordan få god kunnskap og på hvilken måte? [Gender Based Violence in War: How to get good knowlede and in which ways?], Sociologi i dag 39(2): 72–90.
Skjelsbæk, Inger (2006) Victim and Survivor: Narrated Social Identities of Women Who Experienced Rape During the War in Bosnia-Herzegovina, Feminism and Psychology 16(4): 373–403.
Skjelsbæk, Inger (2006) Therapeutic Work With Victims of Sexual Violence in War and Postwar: A Discourse Analysis of Bosnian Experiences, Peace & Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology 12(2): 93–118.
Skjelsbæk, Inger (2001) Sexual Violence and War: Mapping out a Complex Relationship, European Journal of International Relations 7(2): 211–237.
Skjelsbæk, Inger (1998) Kjønnsidentitet: Er feminitet iboende fredelig?, Internasjonal Politikk 56(1): 55–74.

PhD Thesis

Skjelsbæk, Inger (2007) Voicing Silence: A Political-Psychological Analysis of the Aftermath of the Bosnian War-Rapes. PhD thesis, Department of Psychology, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim.

GPS Policy Brief

Mochmann, Ingvill C. & Inger Skjelsbæk (2018) Children Born of War (CBOW): Between Stigmatization, Integration and Empowerment, GPS Policy Brief, 3. Oslo: PRIO.


Skjelsbæk, Inger (2018) Helga Hernes: The State Feminist. Oslo: PRIO/H. Aschehoug & Co..
Skjelsbæk, Inger (2013) Statsfeministen, Statsfeminismen og Verden Utenfor [The State Feminist, State Feminism and the World Beyond]. Oslo: Aschehoug.
Skjelsbæk, Inger (2011) The Political Psychology of War Rape: Studies from Bosnia and Herzegovina. London: Routledge. War, Politics and Experience.

Book Chapter

Skjelsbæk, Inger & Torunn L. Tryggestad (2021) Protecting the brand? The hesitant incorporation of gender equality in the peace nation, in Inger Skjelsbæk, ed., Gender Equality and Nation Branding in the Nordic Region. London: Routledge (113–133).
Skjelsbæk, Inger (2018) Perpetrators of Sexual Violence in Armed Conflict, in Perpetrators and Perpetration of Mass Violence: Action, Motivations and Dynamics (Routledge Studies in Genocide and Crimes against Humanity). London: Routledge (151–168).
Bringedal Houge, Anette & Inger Skjelsbæk (2018) Securitising Sexual Violence: Transitions from War to Peace, in Intimate Partner Violence, Risk and Security: Securing Women’s Lives in a Global World. Abingdon: Routledge (19–33).
Skjelsbæk, Inger (2015) Women, War, Violence and Peacemaking – International Developments, in Kjersti Ericsson, ed., Women in War: Examples from Norway and Beyond. London: Ashgate (217–236).
Skjelsbæk, Inger (2013) Responsibility to Protect or Prevent? Victims and Perpetrators of Sexual Violence in Armed Conflicts, in Responsibility to Protect and Women, Peace and Security. Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers (81–101).
Skjelsbæk, Inger (2012) Conceptualizing Sexual Violence Perpetrators in War, in Skre, Alf Butenschøn; Elisabeth J. Wood; & Morten Bergsmo, eds, Understanding and Proving International Sex Crimes. Beijing: Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher (495–509).
Skjelsbæk, Inger (2011) Sexual Violence in the Post-Yugoslav Wars, in Hernes, Helga; Chantal de Jonge Oudraat; & Kathleen Kuehnast, eds, Women and War: Power and Protection in the 21st Century. Washington, D.C.: United States Institute of Peace Press (65–84).
Skjelsbæk, Inger (2008) Kjønn og vold i krigssonen [Gender and Violence in the War Zone], in Skjeie, Hege; Inger Skjelsbæk; & Torunn L. Tryggestad, eds, Kjønn, krig og konflikt. Oslo, Norway: PAX (46–59).

Edited Volume

Skjeie, Hege; Torunn L. Tryggestad; & Inger Skjelsbæk, eds, (2008) Kjønn, Krig og Konflikt [Gender, War, Conflict]. Oslo, Norway: PAX.
Smith, Dan; & Inger Skjelsbæk, eds, (2001) Gender, Peace and Conflict. London: Sage Publications.

Non-refereed Journal Article

Skjelsbæk, Inger (2013) Seksualisert vold i krig [Sexual violence in war], Speilvendt(2): 2–7.
Skjelsbæk, Inger (2013) "It's not small talk material" - om krig, fred, vold og forskning, Samtiden. Tidsskrift for politikk, litteratur og samfunnsspørsmål 3: 36–48.
Skjelsbæk, Inger (2008) Statskvinne med barrierebrytergen. Om forskeren , feministen og politikeren Helga Hernes [Helga Hernes: Researcher, Feminist and Politician], PROSA 4.
Skjelsbæk, Inger (2006) En Fredsforskers syn på dyd, Minerva 82(1): 29–31.
Skjelsbæk, Inger (2003) The Role of Gender in South Asian Conflict Zones, Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology 9(4): 387–389.
Skjelsbæk, Inger (2003) Seksualisert vold i krig – antakelser og utfordringer [Sexual Violence in War – assumptions and challenges], Sociologisk Forskning 4(2003): 25–32.

Popular Article

Skjelsbæk, Inger (2013) Soldaten som overgriper [The soldier as perpetrator], Forsvarets Forum, 1 December.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg & Inger Skjelsbæk (2012) Kvinner skaper endring [Women create change], Flyktningregnskapet 2012.
Skjelsbæk, Inger & Kristian Berg Harpviken (2011) Gledelig Fredspris [A Peace Prize to Celebrate], Dagbladet, 7 October.
Skjelsbæk, Inger (2011) Norwegians Must Build a Climate of Hope, Not Fear, San Francisco Chronicle, 10 August.
Skjelsbæk, Inger (2011) Barnas usikre verden [Children's Insecure World], Dagsavisen, 5 August.
Skjelsbæk, Inger (2011) Kvinners kropp som slagmark [Women's Bodies as Battlefields], UNICEF Magasinet, February.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg & Inger Skjelsbæk (2010) Skjerp fredspolitikken! [Sharpen the Peace Policy!], Aftenposten, 29 November.
Skjelsbæk, Inger (2009) Bare Beskyttelse? [Only Protection?], Dagbladet, 6 October.
Skjelsbæk, Inger (2007) Kvinner i Kamp [Women in Battle], Morgenbladet, 24 August.
Skjelsbæk, Inger; Helga Hernes & Torunn L. Tryggestad (2006) Fred og fattigdom [Peace and Poverty], Dagbladet, 10 December.
Tryggestad, Torunn L. & Inger Skjelsbæk (2005) Det kvinnelige sikkerhetsbegrep [The Female Concept of Security], Morgenbladet, 2 December.
Skjelsbæk, Inger (2003) Flere kvinner i forsvaret [More women in the military], Dagbladet, 22 December.

PRIO Report

Skjelsbæk, Inger (1999) Sexual Violence in Times of War. An Annotated Bibliography, PRIO Report, 4. Oslo: PRIO.
Skjelsbæk, Inger (1997) Gendered Battlefields. A Gender Analysis of Peace and Conflict, PRIO Report, 6. Oslo: PRIO.

PRIO Policy Brief

Sveaass, Nora; Rikke Marie Gjerde Kvaale & Inger Skjelsbæk (2015) Therapeutic Prosecutions?, PRIO Policy Brief, 4. Oslo: PRIO.
Skjelsbæk, Inger (2013) Preventing Perpetrators: How to go from protection to prevention of sexual violence in war?, PRIO Policy Brief, 3. Oslo: PRIO.
Chun, Suk & Inger Skjelsbæk (2010) Sexual Violence in Armed Conflicts, PRIO Policy Brief, 1. Oslo: PRIO.

Report - Other

Skjelsbæk, Inger (2010) The Elephant in the Room: An Overview of How Sexual Violence came to be Seen as a Weapon of War, Report to the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Oslo: PRIO.
Skjelsbæk, Inger; & Torunn L. Tryggestad (2007) Kvinner i Forsvaret og implementering av FNs Sikkerhetsrådsresolusjon 1325 om kvinner, fred og sikkerhet: Potensial, status og anbefalte tiltak [Women in the Norwegian Armed Forces and Implementation of UN SC Resolution 1325 on women, peace and security: Potential, status and recommendations ], Report commissioned by the Defence Study 2007. Oslo.
Olsson, Louise; Karen Hostens; Inger Skjelsbæk; & Elise Fredrikke Barth (2004) Gender Aspects of Conflict Interventions: Intended and Unintended Consequences, Report to Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Oslo.
Hostens, Karen; & Inger Skjelsbæk (2003) Gender Aspects of Conflict Interventions: Policy Implications of Studies of the TIPH, UNMEE and SFOR.

Book Review

Skjelsbæk, Inger (2007) Review of Innocent Women and Children: Gender Norms and the Protection of Civilians, in Gender and Development 15(2): 345–347.

Related pages